Glossary L

Legal Notice

The company behind us

„quality Datenbank Klaus Gebhardt e.K.“ is a registered company in Germany. We are creating databases for the internet since 1995.

Current main business areas are
One of the largest internet databases for the German environment protection and management.
A large database (230.000+) of the largest companies of Europe. We provide you with addresses and other information of the best companies in all european countries and all industries. We are collecting the data (mostly automatically) over the internet and verify them with a questionare sent to the company or with other reliable sources.

The owner of the company – Klaus Gebhardt – is after his studies of information science and economical science since 1976 an IT-professional. In 1993 he became a consultant for quality management and auditor.

Sales phone: +49 421 3300 964 (English and German) Fax: +49-12120.153.745
Technical support: Fax: +49-12120.298.913
quality-Datenbank Klaus Gebhardt e.K. Scheveninger Straße 30 D-28259 Bremen Tel.: +49-421 3300 964 Fax: +49-421 2 763 679
Number for tax purposes: 08/304/02314
International VAT identification number: DE163709325

The top500 is a product and service by the
quality-Datenbank Klaus Gebhardt e.K.
We are registered at the commercial register in Germany
Handelsregister Hamburg with the number HRA 96 224

Use of Cookies

We use cookies on this site to enhance your user experience. This Cookie Policy aims at providing you with more information on what cookies are, how we intend to use them on our website and how to know more about these cookies. Opting Out and Disabling Cookies Most browsers have cookies enabled by default. To learn more on how to disable all cookies on your browser, please go to the website, available in various languages. Also, would you like to disable some cookies we use on this website you can 'opt out' using the links provided in the description of cookies below. Please note that if you chose to disable some cookies that we use, you may experience reduced functionality or be prevented from using parts of this website.

Privacy statement

This website uses Google Analytics, a web analytics service provided by Google Inc. ("Google"). Google Analytics uses "cookies", text files that are stored on your computer and allow an analysis of the use of the website. The information generated by the cookie about your use of this site are generally sent to a Google server in the U.S. and stored there. In the case of activation of the IP anonymization on this Web site, the IP address of Google will be truncated within Member States of the European Union or other parties to the Agreement on the European Economic Area before. Only in exceptional cases, the full IP address is sent to a Google server in the USA and is shortened. On behalf of the operator of this site Google will use this information to evaluate your use of the website, compiling reports on website activity together and to provide more with the website and internet related services to the site operator. Is undertaken as part of Google Analytics that your browser sends IP address can not be merged with other data held by Google.You may refuse the use of cookies by setting your browser, we point out however that in this case not all features of this site will be fully able to use. You can also extend the coverage of the cookie generated and prevent your use of the site-related data (including your IP address) to Google and the processing of these data by Google, by following the below link (http:// / dlpage / gaoptout? hl = en) browser plugin available to download and install. For more information, see or under (General Information Google Analytics Notice). We remind you that on this website to the Google Analytics code "gat._anonymizeIp ();" has been expanded to ensure an anonymous collection of IP addresses (called IP-masking).

Datenschutz (German translation of the above paragraph)

Diese Website benutzt Google Analytics, einen Webanalysedienst der Google Inc. ("Google"). Google Analytics verwendet sog. "Cookies", Textdateien, die auf Ihrem Computer gespeichert werden und die eine Analyse der Benutzung der Website durch Sie ermöglichen. Die durch den Cookie erzeugten Informationen über Ihre Benutzung dieser Website werden in der Regel an einen Server von Google in den USA übertragen und dort gespeichert. Im Falle der Aktivierung der IP-Anonymisierung auf dieser Webseite, wird Ihre IP-Adresse von Google jedoch innerhalb von Mitgliedstaaten der Europäischen Union oder in anderen Vertragsstaaten des Abkommens über den Europäischen Wirtschaftsraum zuvor gekürzt. Nur in Ausnahmefällen wird die volle IP-Adresse an einen Server von Google in den USA übertragen und dort gekürzt. Im Auftrag des Betreibers dieser Website wird Google diese Informationen benutzen, um Ihre Nutzung der Website auszuwerten, um Reports über die Websiteaktivitäten zusammenzustellen und um weitere mit der Websitenutzung und der Internetnutzung verbundene Dienstleistungen gegenüber dem Websitebetreiber zu erbringen. Die im Rahmen von Google Analytics von Ihrem Browser übermittelte IP-Adresse wird nicht mit anderen Daten von Google zusammengeführt. Sie können die Speicherung der Cookies durch eine entsprechende Einstellung Ihrer Browser-Software verhindern; wir weisen Sie jedoch darauf hin, dass Sie in diesem Fall gegebenenfalls nicht sämtliche Funktionen dieser Website vollumfänglich werden nutzen können. Sie können darüber hinaus die Erfassung der durch das Cookie erzeugten und auf Ihre Nutzung der Website bezogenen Daten (inkl. Ihrer IP-Adresse) an Google sowie die Verarbeitung dieser Daten durch Google verhindern, indem sie das unter dem folgenden Link ( verfügbare Browser-Plugin herunterladen und installieren.

Nähere Informationen hierzu finden Sie unter bzw. unter Informationen zu Google Analytics und Datenschutz).

Wir weisen Sie darauf hin, dass auf dieser Webseite Google Analytics um den Code "gat._anonymizeIp();" erweitert wurde, um eine anonymisierte Erfassung von IP-Adressen (sog. IP-Masking) zu gewährleisten.

Quelle für diesen Paragraphen ist

In the context of quality management,, "liquid" typically refers to the ability of an organization to be flexible and adaptable in the face of changing circumstances. Like a liquid, an organization that is "liquid" is able to flow and change shape to meet the needs of its environment.

- List of Asean Standards approved/withdrawn/amended in 1996 (Vietnam) :

TCVN 6095 - 1995


TCVN 6096 - 1995
Bottled drinking water

TCVN 6199/1 - 1995
Water quality. Determination of selected monorealent fenolas. Part 1 : Gas chromatographic method after enrichment by extraction

TCVN 6201 - 1995
Water quality. Determination of calcium and magnesium. Atomic absorption spectrometric method.

- List of Asean Standards approved/withdrawn/amended in 1996 (Indonesia) : SNI 19-4000-1996
Terms of definitions related to low-cycle fatigue
testing at constant-amplitude test

SNI 19-4001-1996
Creep-rupture test method for metallic materials

SNI 19-4002

- List of Asean Standards approved/withdrawn/amended in 1996 (Malaysia) : MS 1359 : Part 7 : 1995
Test methods for technically specified raw natural rubber : Part 7 : Determination of Mooney Ac-celerated Storage Hardening Test (MASHT).

MS 1359 : Part 8 : 1995

- List of Asean Standards approved/withdrawn/amended in 1996 (Philippines) :

PNS 211 : 1995
Rerolled steel bars for concrete reinforcement - Specification

PNS 396-1 : 1995
Energy efficiency ratio for air-conditioners Labelling requirements

- List of Asean Standards approved/withdrawn/amended in 1996 (Singapore) : SS 354 :
Specification for printed boards - Part I 1 : 1 996 'Flex-rigid multilayer printed boards with through connections (Endorsement with amendments of IEC326- 1991-11 )

SS ISO 188
- List of Asean Standards approved/withdrawn/amended in 1996 (Thailand) :

TIS 1182 : Part 6*
Standard test methods for petroleum and petroleum products Part 6 : Determination of moisture content