Deutsch: Faktor / Español: Factor / Português: Fator / Français: Facteur / Italiano: Fattore

Factor in the quality management context refers to an element or component that can influence the outcome of a quality process or the overall quality of a product or service. In quality management, identifying and understanding various factors is crucial for controlling and improving quality standards in production, service delivery, and customer satisfaction.


Factors in quality management are variables that affect the performance, reliability, and effectiveness of processes and systems within an organization. These can be internal factors, such as employee skills and organizational culture, or external factors, like market fluctuations or supplier quality. Quality management systems aim to identify these factors and adjust processes to mitigate negative impacts while enhancing positive outcomes.

Application Areas

Factors are considered in various aspects of quality management, including:

  • Process Design and Improvement: Understanding which factors affect process efficiency and product quality to optimize operations.
  • Risk Management: Identifying risk factors that can lead to quality failures and developing strategies to mitigate these risks.
  • Customer Satisfaction: Analyzing factors that influence customer perceptions and satisfaction to improve service and product offerings.
  • Compliance and Standards: Considering factors that impact the organization’s ability to comply with quality standards and regulations.

Well-Known Examples

  • Statistical Process Control (SPC): A method used in quality management that employs statistical methods to monitor and control factors affecting process variations.
  • Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA): An approach that involves identifying potential factors that could cause product or process failures and prioritizing them based on their severity and likelihood.
  • Quality Function Deployment (QFD): A technique used to help understand customer needs and translate them into specific plans to produce products that meet those needs.

Treatment and Risks

Effectively managing factors in quality management involves:

  • Continuous Monitoring: Regularly tracking the key factors that influence quality outcomes through metrics and performance indicators.
  • Employee Training: Educating staff on how their roles and responsibilities contribute to managing these factors effectively.
  • Feedback Systems: Implementing systems to gather feedback from customers and employees to continuously identify new factors affecting quality.
  • Preventive Actions: Proactively taking steps to address factors before they lead to quality degradation.

Similar Terms

  • Variable: In a statistical context, a variable is a characteristic, number, or quantity that can be measured or quantified. Variables in quality management are similar to factors but are specifically quantifiable.
  • Influencer: Often used interchangeably with factor, though it can also imply a broader impact beyond direct causation.



In quality management, a factor is any element that can affect the quality of processes, products, or services. Understanding and controlling these factors are vital for ensuring that quality objectives are met and maintained. By systematically analyzing and managing factors, organizations can improve their quality control processes, enhance customer satisfaction, and maintain compliance with relevant standards and regulations. Effective factor management helps to stabilize production and service processes and can significantly contribute to the organization's success and reputation.

You have no rights to post comments

Related Articles

Component ■■■■■■■■■■
Component in the quality management context refers to an individual part, element, or factor that is . . . Read More
Constituent ■■■■■■■■■■
In the context of quality management, a constituent refers to any key element, component, or stakeholder . . . Read More