In the context of quality management, classification refers to the process of grouping or categorizing items, materials, products, or processes based on specified criteria. The purpose of classification is to provide a systematic and organized approach to identifying, tracking, and controlling the quality of items and processes, and to ensure that they meet established standards and requirements.
Examples of classification in quality management include:
- Product classification: grouping products into categories based on characteristics such as size, type, or use, to facilitate product tracking and quality control.
- Process classification: grouping processes into categories based on process type, stage in the production cycle, or other criteria, to facilitate process tracking and improvement.
- Material classification: grouping materials into categories based on properties such as chemical composition, physical properties, or intended use, to ensure that the correct materials are used in the production of products.
- Supplier classification: grouping suppliers into categories based on their performance, reliability, or other criteria, to facilitate supplier selection and management.
- Customer classification: grouping customers into categories based on characteristics such as location, size, or product preference, to facilitate customer segmentation and marketing efforts.