Deutsch: Bereich / Español: Área / Português: Área / Français: Domaine / Italiano: Area

Area in the quality management context refers to a specific segment or part of an organization that is targeted for quality control and improvement. It can involve specific processes, departments, functions, or any part of the organization where quality measures are applied to enhance or assure the quality of products or services.


In quality management, identifying and defining specific areas is crucial for effectively implementing quality standards and procedures. Each area might have unique quality requirements and challenges, thus necessitating tailored quality control and improvement strategies. The concept helps organizations to segment their quality management efforts into manageable, focused parts, allowing for more detailed attention and resources to be allocated where they are most needed.

Application Areas

Areas in quality management are often delineated based on different criteria depending on the organization's structure and industry:

  • Process-Based Areas: Focusing on specific production or operational processes where quality can be measured and improved.
  • Department-Based Areas: Targeting specific departments like manufacturing, R&D, customer service, etc., to implement quality standards and improvements.
  • Product Lines: Managing quality for specific product lines to ensure that each product meets the organization’s quality standards.
  • Service Delivery Points: In service industries, focusing on points of service delivery to ensure customer satisfaction and service quality.

Well-Known Examples

  • Quality Assurance in Software Development: An area in IT companies where quality management focuses on processes involved in software development to prevent defects and ensure quality in the final product.
  • Customer Service Quality Control: A common area in many businesses where interactions with customers are monitored and improved to enhance service quality and customer satisfaction.

Treatment and Risks

Managing quality in specific areas of an organization involves several considerations:

  • Customized Quality Metrics: Each area may require different metrics and standards to accurately measure and manage quality based on its specific outputs and processes.
  • Resource Allocation: Ensuring that sufficient resources (time, personnel, technology) are dedicated to monitoring and improving quality in each designated area.
  • Training and Expertise: Employees working within a specific area may need specialized training to understand and implement quality measures effectively.
  • Integration Challenges: Integrating quality management practices across multiple areas and ensuring consistency and synergy between them can be challenging.

Similar Terms

  • Quality Circle: A group of workers who meet regularly to discuss workplace improvement ideas, which might focus on specific areas within their work environment.
  • Deming’s System of Profound Knowledge: Involves understanding the system (or area) in which improvements are to be made as one of its four components.



In quality management, an area refers to a distinct part of an organization designated for targeted quality interventions. This approach allows for detailed and focused management of quality issues that are specific to different parts of the organization, be they process-driven, product-specific, or service-related. By dividing efforts into distinct areas, organizations can more effectively apply tailored strategies to achieve significant quality improvements, thereby enhancing overall operational efficiency and customer satisfaction.


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