The International Organization for Standardization (French: Organisation internationale de normalisation), (ISO), is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations. Founded on 23 February 1947, the organization promotes worldwide proprietary, industrial and commercial standards. It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The organization's name would have different acronyms in different languages so it adopted the short name ISO, based on the Greek word isos ("equal").


The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is a global body that develops and publishes international standards for products, services, and systems to ensure quality, safety, efficiency, and interoperability. In the context of quality management, ISO standards provide guidelines and frameworks for organizations to establish and maintain effective quality management systems. These standards help companies streamline processes, improve customer satisfaction, and consistently deliver high-quality products and services. ISO standards are developed through a consensus-based process involving experts from various industries and countries, ensuring relevance and applicability on a global scale. Compliance with ISO standards demonstrates an organization's commitment to quality and continuous improvement.

Application Areas

Treatment and Risks

  • Treatment: Implementing ISO standards can lead to improved efficiency, customer satisfaction, and competitiveness in the market.
  • Risks: Non-compliance with ISO standards can result in loss of business opportunities, decreased customer trust, and potential legal issues.


  • ISO 9001: Quality Management System
  • ISO 14001: Environmental Management System
  • ISO 27001: Information Security Management System

Similar Concepts and Synonyms

  • Quality Management System (QMS)
  • Quality Assurance (QA)
  • Continuous Improvement
  • Standardization


  • 'International Organization for Standardization' in the


ISO plays a crucial role in shaping the quality management landscape by developing internationally recognized standards that help organizations improve their processes, products, and services. Compliance with ISO standards not only enhances operational efficiency but also demonstrates a commitment to quality excellence. Through a consensus-driven approach, ISO continues to evolve its standards to meet the ever-changing demands of global markets. Organizations that embrace ISO standards are better positioned to achieve sustainable growth and competitive advantage in an increasingly complex business environment.


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